International relations forms a socio-cultural field that defines world culture, wealth, power, prestige and classes because its medium consists of international meanings, values, and norms. International relations thus allows states and trans-nationally related groups and individuals for interact and talk about global issues based on generated interests (Barker, 2013).
Furthermore, the formation of a solitary global economy through globalization has enabled religion resume its place in global politics while addressing the role of cultural and religious differences (Chiozza, 2002). However, despite bringing interconnectedness among people, Islamic fundamentalism has emerged over the years through a brand of globalized cultural terrorism posing a threat to international peace and stability. Since the late 1970s, there have been debates about the impossibility of different sets of values, norms and beliefs living side-by-side in an increasingly globalized world (Huntington, No Date).
One would agree that Samuel Huntington was right
The recent events in international political affairs and the increasing role of religion in international relations are related to the reinforcement of Islam among Muslims. This is because the 1950s to now the Muslim world has grown to include countries such as Syria, Somalia, Sudan, Egypt, Bosnia, Nigeria, Jordan, Iran, Turkey, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Saudi Arabia. The expansion of Islam over the years has made Islam one of the major religions influencing international relations (Johnson, No date).
Therefore, world politics has entered a new phase with the return of traditional rivalries between nation states due to conflicting issues associated with tribalism and globalism. Thus the conflict between civilizations is the latest phase in the evolution of conflict in the modern world following the emergence of the modern international system with the Peace of Westphalia (Neumayer and Plumer, 2009).