The clash of Civilization in today’s world

International relations forms a socio-cultural field that defines world culture, wealth, power, prestige and classes because its medium consists of international meanings, values, and norms. International relations thus allows states and trans-nationally related groups and individuals for interact and talk about global issues based on generated interests (Barker, 2013).

Furthermore, the formation of a solitary global economy through globalization has enabled religion resume its place in global politics while addressing the role of cultural and religious differences (Chiozza, 2002). However, despite bringing interconnectedness among people, Islamic fundamentalism has emerged over the years through a brand of globalized cultural terrorism posing a threat to international peace and stability. Since the late 1970s, there have been debates about the impossibility of different sets of values, norms and beliefs living side-by-side in an increasingly globalized world (Huntington, No Date).

One would agree that Samuel Huntington was right

The recent events in international political affairs and the increasing role of religion in international relations are related to the reinforcement of Islam among Muslims.  This is because the 1950s to now the Muslim world has grown to include countries such as Syria, Somalia, Sudan, Egypt, Bosnia, Nigeria, Jordan, Iran, Turkey, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Saudi Arabia. The expansion of Islam over the years has made Islam one of the major religions influencing international relations (Johnson, No date).

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Why is civilisation fighting each other. Picture obtained from EACPE Video contest

Therefore, world politics has entered a new phase with the return of traditional rivalries between nation states due to conflicting issues associated with tribalism and globalism. Thus the conflict between civilizations is the latest phase in the evolution of conflict in the modern world following the emergence of the modern international system with the Peace of Westphalia (Neumayer and Plumer, 2009).

Can we say R.I.P to South Africa’s tertiary education?

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Fees should be free. Picture obtained from eNCA

As if the “Fees Must Fall” was not enough and somehow it seems like Deja-vu all over again as the students are back were they started with protests. The cost of a university degree in South Africa is so high that getting student loans are no longer options especially for students coming from low economic backgrounds. Although I am at a private institution, tuition hikes are no exception because whether in a private or public institution, the number of students dropping out keeps rising.

On Monday the Higher Education and Training Minister Blade Nzimande announced the 2017 fee increment. According to the Education and Training Minister, Universities should determine the level of fee adjustments for 2017 with the condition that the increment should not be above 8%. This announcement has a number of effects on students because firstly, the students have to protests to get the government attention that increasing tuition fees will lead to drop outs. Secondly, the more students protests the longer the students have to wait to graduate.

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Do not deprive anyone access to education. Picture obtained from CNN.com

Despite the fact that South Africa’s university admission has risen for the past 15 years, tuition hikes continue lessen the number of students that graduate at the end of their degree programs because students can no longer afford tuition fees and can also no longer get loans and scholarships. Therefore, with all the hardships that students go through, it is safe to say the Ministry of Higher Education and Training is falling to fulfil its purpose and mission. The ministry is falling to educate and prepare the younger generation for productive roles in the work place because equipping the younger generation has the ability of contributing to national building while enriching lives.

Although student engagement has the ability of enhancing student learning while creating efficiency and effectiveness, South Africa’s higher education has the challenge of improving student services such as tuition fees. Secondly, students from lower-income backgrounds are less likely to remain enrolled, persist through, and graduate from public institutions.

Perceptions of perfection according to society

On Tuesday morning I came across a story about a woman with the biggest breasts in the United Kingdom that squeezed her waist to 24 inches after wearing a rib-crushing corset for 12 hours a day.  According to Mirror news the woman has reportedly spent about 10 thousand Euros on swapping her size 34 breast for 32MM implants.

Obtained from Ade Chan YouTube

There is nothing wrong with making yourself feel good and looking good but the problems comes in when you let society decide and define what constitutes beauty. According to society a beautiful woman has to have firm and proportional body, thin, tall and blemish free. The hair has to be perfect, and any imperfections such as pimples, blackheads and fatness has to be done away with cosmetic products ranging from mac lipstick and make up.

Furthermore, the influence of the media through magazines and news have also contributed to society’s stereotype about why women should look a certain way in order to be beautiful. The effect of this is that certain women in society end up suffering from low self-esteem and depression when they cannot fit into the “book of beauty”.Because of how society has defined beauty most women are persuaded into looking through the compact mirror and go to great extents such as sizing themselves up with the nearest advertisement featuring a flawless bottle blonde.

For years, the world of media has been working hard to construct the ideal image of what a “perfect woman” is supposed to look like. You and I know it well. Magazines, movies, and commercials, among other outlets, have spoon-fed girls with the idea that they can only be beautiful if they have long legs, great hair, and curves in all the right places. According to modern day society, girls should walk and talk pretty, have perfect skin, and cake on makeup; they should watch their weight and keep up with the newest trends in fashion.

 

 

 

The importance of Human Rights

Today I am going to talk about Human Rights violation in the world and the importance of respecting and protecting the rights of people. Human Rights are important for a stable global community and as a result people should be protected against vices such as human trafficking, sexual abuse and torture. When we look at today’s world, children and women are the most victims of human Rights violation due to the idea that they cannot protect themselves from their predictors (Aljazeera, 2016). However, this is does not mean men’s are also not violated because as Nelson Mandela once said, to deny people their rights is to challenge their humanity. Therefore, it is the responsibility of every human being to respect and treat one another with the same kind of love and respect they would want to be given.

I bet most of you agree with me that in any democratic country, people should be given the right to choose a leader of their own choice and should not be beaten not punished for sharing different views from those in power. After all no cause should justify the abuse of human rights.

Video obtained from ADRA International 

The attention given to Human Rights is based on the idea that Human Rights should exist beyond the determination of specific societies and as a result Human Rights set universal standards that are used to judge societies. Human Rights also provide acceptable bench marks on which individuals or governments from one part of the world may criticize the norms followed by other governments or cultures (Gummow, 2013).

The violence against women constitutes of violence found within the household  which may include, marital rape or rape within a relationship were both partners don’t share  the same views. In addition to this other sexual abuse include sexual harassment at work, trafficking in women and girls with intention of fulfilling sexual needs are urges. With this regard women or young girls are forced exploitation, forced prostitution, abortion of female fetuses and infanticide of baby girls, traditional practices harmful to women such as genital mutilation, forced or too early marriage, widow burning, honour killing, acid attacks, stoning, war rape, and other.